The gaucho knife is one of the most elegant and impressive knives you’ve ever seen. The knife is mostly used in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. It is designed with top-grade materials maintaining high standards. So, it is high-durable and provides peak performance with maximal efficiency. As a result, you can use the knife for both indoor and outdoor tasks.

Today’s Gaucho knives have evolved from the traditional knives used by the tribe named “Gaucho” for hunting, fighting and more utility tasks. There is a long history behind these knives.

If you’re interested to know more about the Gaucho knives, then you’ve arrived at the appropriate place. So, let’s begin.



The term “Gaucho” refers to “free man”. It means that Gaucho was a tribe’s name that had no permanent place for living. They used to move from one place to another in search of food. The Gaucho is a South American Pampas cowboy tribe. The tribe had no personal things, no masters and no permanent job. Besides, they were adventurers involved in hunting, cattle rearing and horse riding.

They carried a knife that they used both as a weapon and a tool for utility and fighting tasks. It was a big knife with a heavy and long blade. The knife is considered as their cultural legacy. As it is a versatile tool, they used it for multi-purpose applications.

At first, the Gaucho used the knife. Later, the rural people of Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil started to use the knife for fighting. In the 1890s, the Gaucho knives were recreated. They have been improved from time to time. Now there is a first-rate variety of gaucho knives available on the market. They are used for different purposes.



In the old days, the Gauchos used various types of knives for different purposes. Eventually, there are mainly five types of gaucho knives. They are Facon, Punal, Daga, Verijero and Cuchilla. Usually, the Facon and Daga were used for fighting where the Punal and the Cuchilla were used for multipurpose tasks.

The Gauchos were not literate. So they gave the names according to the design, shape, local rituals and length of the knives. As a result, you may not find any similarities between the name and the main characteristics of the knives. Besides, there are no distinctive or particular features among the knives. As they used the knives for hunting, fighting, cutting and self-defence, they preferred fixed long blades rather than folding blades.

Let’s take a look at various types of Gaucho knives:


The term “Facon” is derived from the Portuguese word “facao”.  It means a large and long-bladed utility and fighting knife. During their colonization and exploration of Brazil, Portuguese explorers utilized the knife.

The Facon is a combat weapon. It features a long blade ranging from 15 to 18 inches. Moreover, the slim and sharpened blade has a single edge and a counter bevel. Sometimes, it comes with a full cutting edge or short double edge.

Besides, the blade comes with a proportional width that is not very wide. For its length, it was uncomfortable to carry and use as a tool or a utensil.

The hilt is made durable with bronze, horn or silver. Besides, the sheath is made from raw leather featuring silver or bronze bolts and a braided leather rim.

The Facon also comes with a double guard in the shape of “S” or an inverted “U” or a simple short crossguard. The guards provide utmost protection to the users during fighting or to deflect the enemy’s thrust.  All of these features make the knife a magnificent weapon.

The knife was widely used in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil. Today, the Facon knives are not used widely, but many people use them as a unique and traditional tool for enriching their collection.



The Daga was manufactured by a craftsman in the 1940s in Argentina. The Gauchos made these knives with old bayonets.

The Daga looks like the facon in shape. The only dissimilarity is the slim and long blade has a double edge. These knives are made of elegant materials and come with an impressive design. The sheaths also come decorated with beautiful designs.

To use as a weapon, the Daga is better than the standard knife but not the Facon.


Punal is similar to the Bowie knife. This knife was used widely in Argentina, Southern Brazil and Uruguay.

It was an all-in-one tool for the users. Besides, it is versatile enough to work well for the farmers, settlers, Gauchos and cowboys.

The Punal knives feature an elegant and thin spear-pointed blade. The blade of the knife was forged in Belgium, Germany, England and France. Moreover, the Spanish and Germanic influences are evident on these knives.


The Cuchilla is a utilitarian knife with a straight back and a curved edge. The knives are very affordable and easily available. So at present, this knife is one of the most famous types of knives used in rural areas.

It is a full tang knife with slabs made of wood that is attached to the tang using rivets. Besides, there is no bolster.


Moreover, there is a sub-type of this knife called the Country knife. It is also known as Cuchillo de campo. This knife was first used in the nineteenth century. It is similar to the Punal but is slimmer than the Punal. It is a full tang knife with a slab handle. The handle is secured to the tang through rivets. The rivets are usually made of antler or wood. There is also a false bolster that is made of nickel silver or brass.


The Verijero is a traditional knife featuring a small blade that looks like a dagger.

The utility of this knife is limited. The Gauchos used it for castrating and cutting tobacco. Where using a Facon seemed to be uncomfortable, the Gauchos used this knife.

Usually, the Verijero knives were made of wood, cow horns or deer antlers. Besides, they were also decorated with cheap silver alloys, nickel silver, silver pieces or silver coins.

In the early 19th century, the elegant Verijero was first introduced. They were made of gold and silver. As the knives were expensive, wealthy landowners and ranchers, top-ranking military and politicians used the knives. But the common Gauchos could not use the knife.



There are certain things which you should consider before you buy a Gaucho knife. Here we’ve focused on how you can choose the Best Gaucho Knife:


The Gaucho knives come in different sizes and shapes. Some are very long and some are very compact. Some of them are ideal for heavy-duty tasks. So, choose the required size according to your working purpose.



The Gaucho knife is designed for both the right and the left-hand users. It has been designed with optimum balance in mind. So, choose the knife that will be comfortable to use for you.


The Gaucho knives come with heavy, strong and large blades. The blades range from 9 inches to 21 inches. Pick the blade that will be perfect for your task.


The Gaucho knives feature fixed blades made of durable and high-quality steel. The blades are rust-resistant and long-lasting. Choose the knife where will be no compromise in the cutting performance and quality of the knife.


The Gaucho knives come with full tang construction. As a result, they are robust enough for a plethora of tasks.


These knives come with elongated and robust handles so that you can hold them comfortably. The handles are extra-long so that you can do whatever you like. They ensure optimum efficiency and a firm grip. So, choose the one that can withstand your workload.



1.    What is a Gaucho knife used for?

The Gaucho knife is used as both a utility and combat knife. This is why it is known as a versatile tool.

  1. Does a Gaucho knife come with a sheath?

Yes, the Gaucho knives come with leather sheaths to provide the utmost protection. The sheaths are durable and sturdy enough so that the knives last long and provide top performance.

  1. Are the Gaucho knives hand-crafted?

Sure, the Gaucho knives are hand-crafted to meet all possible requirements. They are designed in such a way that you can work comfortably and smoothly. Therefore, you can find the features you are looking for in these knives.



The Gauchos used these knives for a wide range of tasks like cattle rearing, hunting, self-defence, carving and eating. Today these knives are used for various purposes like:

Indoor activities:

Gauchos used the knives to craft leather works. They also used them as a fork for eating. Besides, they used it for utility tasks.

At present, the artisans working on leather still use these knives for cutting leather strips, braiding the leather. They also use these knives for embossing the leather and cutting it into strips.

Outdoor Activities:

The gauchos used these knives to defend themselves from animal attacks. They used these knives for hunting. Moreover, they used these knives to make jerky, castrate, butcher and skin the animals.

They also used these knives for various woodworks like cutting branches, preparing stakes, sticks for a fire, etc.



Overall, this Gaucho knife is one of the most precious belongings of the Gauchos. The knives played a significant role in their survival. It is impossible to imagine a Gaucho without his knife. They acted as an all-in-one tool for the gauchos. Today, the knife is considered one of the most elegant and traditional knives.

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